What is combination prevention?
UNAIDS defines combination prevention as: ‘rights-based, evidence-informed, and community-owned programmes that use a mix of biomedical, behavioural, and structural interventions, prioritised to meet the current HIV prevention needs of particular individuals and communities, so as to have the greatest sustained impact on reducing new infections.
Well-designed combination prevention programmes are carefully tailored to national and local needs and conditions, focus resources on the mix of programmatic and policy actions required to address both immediate risks and underlying vulnerability, and they are thoughtfully planned and managed to operate synergistically and consistently on multiple levels (e.g. individual, relationship, community, society) and over an adequate period of time.
They mobilise community, private sector, government and global resources in a collective undertaking, require and benefit from enhanced partnership and coordination, and they incorporate mechanisms for learning, capacity building and flexibility to permit continual improvement and adaptation to the changing environment’2.